Fri. Sep 22nd, 2023

Hockey, a fast-paced and exhilarating sport, has captivated the hearts of millions around the world. But if you’re new to this exciting game, you might be wondering, “How many persons comprise a hockey team?” we’ll delve into the composition of a standard hockey team, exploring both ice hockey and field hockey, and uncovering some interesting facts along the way.

Ice Hockey Team Composition

Ice hockey, known for its lightning-fast gameplay and physicality, features two teams, each comprising a total of six players on the ice at any given time. Here’s a breakdown of the positions:


  • Three forwards who play primarily in the offensive zone.
  • Usually, one center and two wingers.
  • Responsible for scoring goals and setting up plays.


  • Two defensemen stationed on the blue line.
  • Their role is to prevent the opposing team from scoring and help move the puck up the ice.


  • One goaltender, the last line of defense.
  • Protects the net from the opponent’s shots.

Field Hockey Team Composition

Field hockey, while similar in name, has a different team composition. It is played on grass or artificial turf and involves teams with eleven players each.


  • Five forwards, including center forwards and wings.
  • Focus on scoring goals and creating opportunities in the opponent’s circle.


  • Three midfielders positioned between the forwards and defenders.
  • Play a versatile role, helping in both attack and defense.


  • Three defenders who safeguard the goal and prevent the opposing team from scoring.


  • One goalkeeper, the last line of defense.
  • Guards the goal and attempts to block incoming shots.

The Evolution of Team Sizes

Historical Perspective

Hockey has a rich history, and the number of players on a team has evolved over time. In the early days of ice hockey, teams often had seven or even eight players on the ice. The reduction to six players per team occurred in the early 1900s, resulting in the standard we see today.


In summary, the number of persons comprising a hockey team depends on whether you’re talking about ice hockey or field hockey. Ice hockey teams have six players, while field hockey teams consist of eleven players. Understanding these team compositions is crucial for anyone interested in this thrilling sport.

So, whether you’re gearing up to watch your favorite NHL team in action or considering picking up a stick for a game of field hockey, you now have a clear understanding of how many persons make up a hockey team.