Fri. Sep 22nd, 2023

Ice hockey, a fast-paced and thrilling sport, has captivated fans around the world for decades. From its humble beginnings in Canada to its global expansion, ice hockey has become a beloved sport in numerous countries. But which country plays more hockey? In this comprehensive exploration, we will delve into the histories, successes, and cultural impact of the major ice hockey-playing nations. Join us as we uncover the powerhouses of this exhilarating sport.

Canada: The Birthplace of Modern Ice Hockey

It comes as no surprise that Canada, the birthplace of modern organized ice hockey, is at the forefront of the sport. In 1875, the first game of organized ice hockey took place in Montreal, marking the beginning of a cultural phenomenon that would shape the nation’s identity. Since then, ice hockey has become deeply ingrained in Canadian culture, captivating both players and fans alike.

With a staggering 11 medals across various international tournaments, Canada consistently proves its dominance on the ice. The country’s success is evident in its record at the Olympic Games, where Canadian teams have clinched gold medals in multiple editions. Furthermore, the National Hockey League (NHL), featuring seven Canadian teams, showcases the country’s devotion to the sport. With nearly 350,000 registered players, Canada boasts one of the highest participation rates in ice hockey worldwide.

Notable Canadian NHL players such as Connor McDavid, Sidney Crosby, and Cale Makar have further elevated the country’s reputation in the sport. As Canadians continue to rally behind their teams and celebrate the game, ice hockey remains an integral part of the nation’s cultural fabric.

United States: A Rising Force in Ice Hockey

While Canada may have laid the foundation for ice hockey, the United States has emerged as a formidable force in the sport. The first official ice hockey game on American soil took place in 1883, paving the way for the growth and development of the sport in the country. As ice hockey gained popularity, the United States joined the International Ice Hockey Federation (IIHF) and established its own professional league, the National Hockey League (NHL), in 1912.

Although the United States may not be on par with Canada in terms of historical dominance, the country has made significant strides in recent years. With over 450,000 registered players, the highest number worldwide, the United States is nurturing a new generation of talent. Notable American NHL players like Auston Matthews, Patrick Kane, and Johnny Gaudreau have showcased the country’s prowess on the international stage.

The United States has also made strides in women’s ice hockey, with the women’s national team consistently medaling at major tournaments. With continued investment and development, the United States has the potential to challenge traditional powerhouses and cement its place among the elite ice hockey nations.

Czech Republic: A European Hockey Hub

Moving across the Atlantic, the Czech Republic has established itself as a prominent ice hockey nation in Europe. With a long-standing affiliation with the sport, the Czech Republic has a rich history and a passionate fan base. The country’s ice hockey association, the Czech Ice Hockey Association (CIHA), was one of the founding members of the IIHF in 1908.

The Czech Republic’s international success has been a driving force behind its popularity. The men’s national team secured their first World Championship in 1996 and claimed Olympic gold in 1998. These victories propelled ice hockey to new heights in the country, captivating fans and inspiring a new generation of players.

With approximately 130,000 registered players, the Czech Republic boasts a thriving ice hockey community. Notable Czech NHL players such as David Pastrnak, Jacob Voracek, and Pavel Francouz have further solidified the country’s reputation as a hockey powerhouse. As the Czech Republic continues to produce top-tier talent and compete at the highest levels, its influence on the global ice hockey landscape remains significant.

Russia: A Legacy of Excellence

Russia, with its rich ice hockey heritage, has long been a dominant force in the sport. While recent international issues have affected the country’s participation in tournaments, Russia’s legacy and impact on ice hockey cannot be understated. With a strong presence in the NHL and a history of success at the Olympic Games, Russia has cemented its place among the top ice hockey nations.

The Russian national team has excelled at the Olympics, securing gold and silver medals in recent years. However, their performance in other major tournaments has been less consistent, with only four medals in the past few years. Nevertheless, Russian NHL players like Alexander Ovechkin, Andrei Vasilevskiy, and Artemi Panarin continue to make their mark on the international stage.

As the sport continues to evolve and competitive landscapes shift, Russia remains a powerhouse in ice hockey. With a strong development system and passionate fans, the country’s influence on the sport is undeniable.

Sweden: A Tradition of Excellence

Sweden, known for its strong hockey tradition, has consistently produced top-tier talent and achieved international success. The country’s ice hockey prowess is evident in its numerous NHL players and its impressive record in various tournaments. Despite not clinching a gold medal in recent years, Sweden’s presence and impact on the ice hockey world cannot be overlooked.

The Swedish Ice Hockey Association has fostered a culture of excellence and development, resulting in a steady stream of talented players. Notable Swedish NHL players such as Victor Hedman, Jacob Markstrom, and Nicklas Backstrom have contributed to the country’s reputation as a hockey powerhouse.

While Sweden may not have the same level of dominance as Canada or the United States, the country’s commitment to the sport and its consistent presence in international competitions solidify its place among the top ice hockey-playing nations.

Finland: A Rising Star

In recent years, Finland has emerged as a rising star in the world of ice hockey. The country’s success can be attributed to its strong development programs and a growing number of NHL players. With a population of just over 5 million, Finland’s per capita participation rate in ice hockey is among the highest in the world.

The Finnish national team has achieved notable victories, including gold medals at the World Championships and World Junior Championships. These successes have ignited a passion for the sport among Finnish fans and inspired young players to pursue their dreams on the ice.

Notable Finnish NHL players such as Aleksander Barkov, Rasmus Ristolainen, and Juuse Saros have further elevated Finland’s status in the hockey world. As the country continues to produce top talent and compete at the highest levels, Finland’s influence on the sport is on a steady rise.

Switzerland: A Growing Presence

Switzerland, a country known for its scenic landscapes, also boasts a growing presence in the world of ice hockey. While not traditionally considered a powerhouse, Switzerland has made significant strides in recent years, attracting attention with its strong development programs and competitive teams.

The Swiss Ice Hockey Federation has played a crucial role in fostering the growth of the sport in the country. Notable Swiss NHL players such as Roman Josi, Nico Hischier, and Kevin Fiala have contributed to Switzerland’s rising prominence in the hockey world.

With approximately 13 NHL players and a growing number of registered players, Switzerland’s commitment to ice hockey is evident. While it may not have the same historical pedigree as some of the other nations on this list, Switzerland’s progress and potential cannot be overlooked.

England: A Unique Hockey Landscape

While ice hockey may not be the first sport that comes to mind when thinking of England, the country has a unique hockey landscape of its own. The English Ice Hockey Association governs the sport in England, overseeing both professional and amateur leagues.

Ice hockey in England has a passionate following, with dedicated fans supporting their local teams. The sport has a rich history in the country, with notable achievements in international competitions and a dedicated community of players and supporters.

While England may not have the same depth of talent or international success as some of the other nations on this list, its contribution to the global ice hockey community should not be underestimated.


Ice hockey’s global reach is undeniable, with numerous countries embracing the sport and cultivating their own hockey cultures. Canada, the birthplace of modern ice hockey, continues to dominate the sport both domestically and internationally. The United States, Czech Republic, Russia, Sweden, Finland, Switzerland, and England have also made significant contributions to the ice hockey landscape, each with its own unique history and fan base.

As we’ve explored which country plays more hockey, it’s clear that the sport’s popularity and success extend far beyond its Canadian origins. From North America to Europe, ice hockey continues to captivate fans and inspire players, showcasing the global influence of this exhilarating sport. Whether it’s the passion of Canadian fans or the rise of emerging hockey nations, ice hockey’s power and appeal continue to grow on a worldwide scale.

So, lace up your skates, grab a stick, and join us in celebrating the thrilling sport of ice hockey. Regardless of which country you support, the love for the game unites us all.